Integrative Computational Design and Construction for Architecture
Architecture is of central ecological, economic, social and cultural relevance. Humans spend 87% of their lives in buildings. The building industry already consumes more than 40% of global resources and energy, and the demand for space keeps increasing dramatically: over the next 35 years, urban buildings for an additional 2.6 billion people need to be constructed. In German cities alone, 400,000 new residential units and related commercial and public buildings are required every year. Yet, the productivity of the building industry has been stagnating for decades.The detrimental environmental impact and lack of productivity coupled with the multifaceted relevance of architecture clearly indicates that we urgently need new approaches to design and construction. Digital technologies make it possible to address these challenges in novel ways. However, their adoption is very slow and typically only focused on isolated aspects of the building process due to the fragmented nature of the building industry and a compartmentalised research culture. Innovation is therefore currently limited to decoupled research insights and incremental advancements.
The full potential of digital technologies remains underutilised.The vision of this Cluster of Excellence is to harness the full potential of digital technologies to rethink design and construction based on integration and interdisciplinarity, with the goal of enabling game-changing innovation in the building sector. The Cluster aims to lay the methodological foundations to profoundly modernise the design and building process and related building systems by adopting a systematic, holistic and integrative computational approach. One key objective is to develop an overarching methodology of “co-designing” methods, processes and systems based on interdisciplinary research encompassing architecture, structural engineering, building physics, engineering geodesy, manufacturing and systems engineering, computer science and robotics, humanities and social sciences.
The Cluster’s methodological insights and research findings are expected to uncover comprehensive approaches to utilising digital technologies that will help address the ecological, economic and social challenges, which current incremental approaches cannot solve. Thus, it will make a significant contribution to providing the prerequisites for a high-quality, liveable and sustainable built environment and a digital building culture. It will also strengthen Germany’s competitiveness in the largest global business sector.The University of Stuttgart is uniquely positioned to take on these research challenges. It has a longstanding tradition and international visibility as a centre for innovation in architecture and building engineering, currently reflected in two DFG Collaborative Research Centres. This constitutes an exceptional position of research excellence in this domain in Germany and an ideal setting to establish a leading international role.
- Max-Planck-Institut für Intelligente Systeme